The ancient Roman settlement on which the villa stands was a large sanctuary area, where the Temple of Venus, the Roman Theatre and the Thermal Baths were situated. The early structures of the Villa were built in the 16 C, by the Counts Acuti Urbani of San Lorenzo. In the 18C, the Villa passed to Donna Teresa Pamphili Grillo, who transformed and expanded the residence built by the Urbani, and planting the Italian Garden. At her death, the property initially went to the Counts Sperelli, and later, to the wealthy landowner Gregorio Piermarini, who carried out significant transformations and expansions, between 1805 and 1830. After diverse fortunes, in 1923, the Villa is acquired by the engineer Decio Costanzi, who broke up the complex by selling the ancient portion to a missionary institution, the Suore Missionarie d’Egitto, and the remaining portion, including the Hunting Lodge, the Gardens and the annexed buildings, to the Provincia di Perugia.
The most interesting aspect of the Villa is the extraordinary external arrangement originating the Vesuvian Garden at the entrance, the riding track (galoppatoio) the Italian Garden and the Park with the Cypress Grove. The Vesuvian or Baroque Garden, located near the entrance, is audaciously designed on a steep slope that leads to the Service Lodge entrance portal. Delimited, on the longer sides, by a double row of majestic cypresses, the garden is formed by roundish terraces connected to each other by sinuous staircases, alternated with short spaces of grass and boxwood hedges, skilfully pruned and modelled into singular forms. Protagonist of the composition is the beautiful Exedra Fountain, placed in a central position with the statue of Diana, the goddess of the hunt, composition closed at the summit by the elegant Wing, hiding a cistern, adorned with niches and surmounted by a clock. Juxtaposed to this singular garden, a wide riding track with a circensian shape was built in the 20 C.
The Italian Garden is older, dating back to the 18 C, and is set behind the Hunting Lodge. The garden has a rectangular shape, is narrow and more than 150 m long. Currently it is subdivided into four main flowerbeds, double bordered with boxwood edges, each one of them subdivided in their turn into four smaller parts. The grassy parterres inside were once totally occupied with roses. A large quantity of citrus vases adorns the edges of the garden that is rich with their heady perfumes in spring. The uphill edges are tree-lined with cypresses, the main protagonists of the composition, which also includes the beautiful Park and the thick holm-oak grove.
Queen Giovanna and King Boris of Bulgaria were hosted in Villa Fidelia during their honeymoon in 1930. Following a by now decennial tradition, Villa Fidelia hosts Theatrical performances, Concerts, Opera and Musical Events in its Park. It has been the seat of Temporary Exhibitions since 2003.
Spello Tourist Information
© 2007 - 2020 ammonet InfoTech website design and promotion.
All rights reserved.